First things first: what is a filibuster?
We talk a lot about filibusters these days, yet we’re not always clear on what they entail. That’s one reason our CEO Virginia Kase-Solomón broke the process down in a recent blog, describing a filibuster as “a legislative tool used only in the Senate to delay or prevent a vote on a bill, usually through extended debate.”
When learning about this hotly debated process, her blog is a great place to start. But for those who learn best through action or already feel like filibuster pros, we’ve created a little quiz to help you brush up on your intel.
Basic Filibuster Info: Easy(ish) Level
1. What’s the origin of the word filibuster?
A. An Italian word for an insect with a long tongue
B. A Dutch word for pirate, with French and Spanish connections
C. An Old English word for breaking a wild horse
D. French word for an article of women’s clothing
2. Which of these is not correct?
A. The filibuster is a tool used to kill or change legislation in the Senate
B. Representatives used to be able to filibuster, but the House changed its rules
C. Senators used to be able to talk as long as they wanted on any issue
D. The filibuster is in the Constitution
Into the Weeds: Intermediate Level
3. Southern Democratic Senators used the filibuster in the 20th century to do what?
A. Block civil rights legislation
B. Block anti-lynching legislation
C. Block rock 'n' roll lyrics for being “obscene”
D. A & B
4. When was the term 'filibuster' first used?
Phone a Friend?: Wonk Level
5. What does it mean to invoke cloture?
A. Senators vote to amend a bill
B. Senators vote to meet lobbyists to raise money
C. Senators vote to end debate
D. Senators vote to reschedule debate
6. In 1975, the Senate changed the number of votes required for cloture. How many are now required?
Bacherlor's Degree in Filibuster Science: All-Star Level
7. A group of Southern Democrats staged the longest filibuster in American history against the Civil Rights Act of 1964. How long did it last?
A. 40 days
B. 50 days
C. 60 days
D. 70 days
8. US Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina holds the Senate record for the longest individual speech. Which act did he spend 24 hours and 18 minutes filibustering, foregoing breaks for food and bathroom use? (Learn more about these acts).
A. The Organic Act of 1950
B. The Civil Rights Act of 1957
C. The Civil Rights Act of 1960
D. The Voting Rights Act of 1965
1: B, 2: D, 3: D, 4: B, 5: C, 6: A, 7: C, 8: B
In recent years, the filibuster has been abused as a partisan weapon of obstruction. The League supports reforming the filibuster to prohibit the minority party from blocking the opening debate of a bill. We support instituting a ‘talking filibuster,’ ending silent holds, putting the onus on the minority party to produce 40 votes, and lowering the cloture vote threshold to bring bills to a final up-or-down vote on the Senate floor.